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Global yadi kayan masana'antun

lokaci: 2019-02-13
Inji ake bautawa, saboda suna da kyau kuma mai daraja da suka ba da ikon; suka ƙi saboda su ne hideous da loathed domin su gabatar da slavery.Though farko amfani ne da hanyar da damuwa yanzu a kwanaki da suka cinye makamashi ko man fetur da cewa shi ne a matsa lamba a kan yanayi. ko mu son inji ko ba, inji amfani ne dole ne ga masana'antu masana'antu. Wannan ya sa aka zama alama ce ta bunkasa masana'antu da kuma aikin tsara da take kaiwa tattalin arziki motsi na kowace ƙasa. Yanzu rahotanni sun nuna cewa babban birnin kayan shigo a Bangladesh ya cin zarafi tafi a watanni goman farkon na wannan kasafin kudi shekara wanda ya nuna wani jinkirin zuba jari Trend. Overall yadi kayan zuba jari Trend in Bangladesh aka wanda aka nuna a cikin suna 'Yadi Farms Zuba Jari Trends a Bangladesh'under murfin labarin na baya BTT batun (Fabrairu 2013).Ko da yake babban kammala rubutu na baya labarin da aka tabbatacce nuni ga zuba jari m nazarin duniya damar ta'allaka ne a kan ƙofar Bangladesh.Public mai amfani matsala kamar gas & da wutar lantarki da karancin ya zauna da key dalilin taushẽwarsu zuba jari waɗannan kwanaki. Abin da, mu shigo ta da ko ƙi mu cikakken dogara a kan shigo da yadi kayan. A wannan Farms Mataki na ashirin da Fiestaat BTT wannan batun zo tare da wani jerin kan kayan masana'antun domin mu yadi & RMG masana'antu. Wannan labarin da aka ci gaba da Ataullah Al Farhan karkashin aiki dubawa na BTT editors.Please lura cewa wasu sassa na Fabrairu murfin labarin kuma wannan murfin labarin zai zo a cikin mai zuwa al'amurran da suka shafi.
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Bayan da wariya na duniya ƙa'ida makirci, da yadi masana'antu ne yaxu a high gudun. The duniya ne a kan wani sabon corridor juyin juya halin masana'antu. Manazarta suna kãfin mafi fadada tare da na'urorin fasahar zamani, a Yadi Machineries. A yadi kayan masana'antu Dandali kamar China, Jamus, Italiya, Switzerland da kuma Indiya sun riga tsalle a gigantic gasar to craft da umurni mafi kyau fasahar a yadi machineries. Global Industry Manazarta, Inc. (Gia) ya bayyana cewa duniya bazaar ga yadi kayan da aka kiyasta ya kai Amurka $ 22,9 biliyan ta 2017.Demand ga nagartaccen inji cewa samar da high quality zane na karuwa. Abin da ke cikin fasahar, da sayen yanke shawara ne ƙwarai ya rinjayi inji’ versatility, sassauci, da kuma farashin tayi. Key dalilai for tsauri girma a cikin yadi kayan kasuwar dauke da tattalin arziki Tarurrukan post koma bayan tattalin arziki, mafitar bukatar nonwoven yarwa yadi kayayyakin, kara bukatar daga alamar yankuna, musamman Asia-Pacific, kuma hawa bukatar tsabtace muhalli-friendly fibers.This labarin na nazarin wasu daga cikin duniya jagorancin yadi kayan masana'antu kasashen.

China ke faruwa high-tech a duka yadi kayan da kayayyakin:

The Sin yadi masana'antun ne masu tasowa wasu daga cikin mafi kyau amsoshi a fasaha al'amurran da yadi masana'antu, tare da sosai m farashin. Tare da m fadada yadi masana'antu, China ta yadi kayan masana'antu ma tana da wani lokaci domin cin gaban, da kuma zama a duniya, most yadi kayan manufacturer. China fara arzikin masana'antu inji kusan 80 shekaru da suka wuce. A halin yanzu, China-sanya yadi kayan da kayan aiki da asusun domin 80 kashi na cikin gida da yadi kayan kasuwar. amma, da masana'antu ne ta 50 kashi kasa na tallace-tallace rabo, kuma kawai 15 kashi na babban gefe, don haka asarar ɗaukar hoto ne high

China ne har yanzu babbar kayan manufacturer a duniya yadi fagen fama. Kasashe da dama a Asiya suna fuskantar gyara na samfurin tsarin, don haka bukatar high-karshen da cikakken sets na yadi kayan ne a bukatar. Sin masana'antu na da bayyane abũbuwan amfãni idan aka kwatanta da yadi cinikayya iko na Indiya, Pakistan, Bangladesh, da kuma Turkey, musamman a auduga kadi kayan aiki, cikakken sets na polyester kayan aiki da rini-bugu kayan aiki saboda farashin.

Kamar yadda kasar Sin ne a fili jaddada a kan high tech da kuma darajar kara kayayyakin, yadi kayan zai zama wani key yanki na kasar da su mayar da hankali a wannan shekara da kuma Tun. Ma'aikatar masana'antu da Information Technology na kasar Sin ƙayyade cewa yawan high-tech kayayyakin a tallace-tallace kamata kara daga asali 40 percent to 60 kashi da rabo daga bincike da ci gaban asusu na high-tech kayayyakin a total kamfanoni tallace-tallace kamata kara daga asali 2 percent to kashikowace shekara.

Sin ne ba kawai m na yadi kayan amma kuma wani m kaya na yadi kayan. A m shigo da kasuwanni ga yadi machineries sun Sin lardunan Jiangsu kamar, Zhejiang da Guangdong, wanda lissafta ga wajen 71% na China ta overall yadi kayan shigo da. A bara kayan masana'antun samu umarni zuba a da kasuwar halarta hankalin duniya a kan kasar Sin da kayan. Mutane da yawa manyan kayan masana'antun duniya ya zabi kasar Sin don fadada su samar da tushe da kuma kafa su masana'antu naúrar a kasar Sin. Rapid masana'antu da kuma m ci gaban tattalin arziki a kasar Sin a kan wannan ƙarnin ya taimaka da gagarumin Yunƙurin a Asian yadi samarwa. China gwamnatin manufofi, irin na kasar Sin 12th shekaru biyar shirin (2011-2015) wanda prioritizes fasaha ci gaba da kyautata a cikin gwaninta da kuma kayan aiki a kan daidai da na kasa da kasa matakai domin yadi da sauran masana'antu sassa ana sa ran turnmomentous girma a Asiya kasuwa.

China ne a fili mayar da hankali fiye da a kan fasaha Textiles da kuma yin amfani da high tech aiki da kai a cikin yadi masana'antu, Saboda haka machineries ga waɗanda masana'antu za ta motsa zuwa kasar Sin. Kwanan Shanghai ya zama daya daga cikin mafi fashion m birane a Asiya. Kamar yadda kasar Sin ke samar da masana'anta da apparels kuma nemi darajar Bugu da kari, suna tafiya domin azumi fashion kayayyakin inganta zuba jari da zai faru ga waɗanda samar Lines.


India dubi ido don inganta a fasahar:

Indian yadi kayan masana'antu ne fiye da 50 shekaru da haihuwa da kuma masana'antu na karuwa kowace rana. game da 750 kayan aiki da kuma kayan aiki masana'antu raka'a su ne a Indiya, na wanda kan 250 raka'a nuna cikakken inji, da kuma sauran sarrafa sassa da na'urorin haɗi. Yadi kayan masana'antu kansu a halin yanzu yana ganawa 45-50 cent na] aukacin bukatar cikin gida yadi masana'antu, wanda babban bijiro da batun kafa ne ginning, kadi, sakar da kuma aiki. A kasar ne da kyau a masana'antu na'urorin haɗi, inji mountings & consumable sassa amma har yanzu da bangaren bukatar kara ci gaba da samar da kayan aiki sakar (shuttleless looms) da kuma wasu manyan- tech aiki kayan aiki.

India ta kayan exporters, ko, An yin amfani da daban-daban dabaru don tabbatar da cewa sun kasance m, a cikin liberalized ciniki yanayi na 2013 da kuma bayan. Mutane da yawa masana'antun ana daukar mataki don inganta samar da ya dace ta hanyar ci gaba atomatik tsarin, sake-injiniya na masana'antu tsarin, tattara abubuwa masu kyau raba samar raka'a da kuma  Students for modernization, fasahar upgradation da kuma yawan aiki ci gaba a jira na inganta bukatar a 2013 da kuma bayan tsakanin sauran manufacturer suna neman canje-canje ta hanyar ƙarfafawa ga tsohon used fasahar har ma ga zamani karkashin tallafin makirci, ƙarfafawa ga rarraba  ikon loom kansu fadada da damar da aka rabu amfani da fasaha da kuma wasu daga ana shirin tada kara da darajar da kafa hadin gwiwa Ventures da waje kamfanonin, to dauki amfani da su fasaha, zane da kuma sayar da ihisani akan. Wasu kuma suna yin dangantaka tare da kasashen waje shigo don su kara marketing damar.

Kamar yadda wani yadi samfurin manufacturer, India fuskanci wasu fitarwa lalace a lokacin tattalin arzikin duniya ciwo ya kayar a lokacin 2009-10, amma sai su dawo dasu ya kuma kasance dan kadan sama da manufa a lokacin 2010-11. a 2011-12 kasafin kudi shekara a kasar ya cika da manufa na fitarwa na Textiles kuma da tufafin da zuwa kusa da USD 28-30 biliyan. Amurka da EU, asusu na game da biyu bisa uku na kasar ta India Textiles fitarwa. A wasu manyan fitarwa destinations ne Canada, UAE, Japan, Saudi Arabia, Jamhuriyar Korea, Bangladesh da kuma Turkey.

Indiya ne ba kawai m na yadi kayan amma kuma da kaya daga cikin yadi kayan. Yadi kayan shigo ya tashi daga Amurka $ 0.92billion a lokacin 2010-2011 to US $ 1.38billion (kiyasta) a lokacin 2011-2012. Aikawa a lokacin 2011-2012 aka kiyasta a US $ 147 miliyan matsayin da Amurka $ 168 miliyan cimma a lokacin 2010-2011.The ciki duniya kasuwar ne alhakin ƙananan fitarwa.

Italian yadi kayan masana'antu tsiro karfi:

Italian yadi kayan masana'antu kansu shi ne daya daga cikin manyan kayan masana'antun hada da kewaye 300 kamfanoni (yin amfani da wajen 12,400 mutane) da kuma samar da kayan aiki ga wani overall darajar Amurka $ 3.41 biliyan kowace shekara, tare da fitar da kayayyakin da maki 80% total tallace-tallace. A ingancin Italian yadi fasahar da aka evidenced da high yawan kasashen da suke da Italian kayan da aka sayar: kusa da 130 kasashen duniya.

Aikawa kasance ko da yaushe cikin tuki da karfi a baya da kansu ta girma a Italiya. A babbar sha'awa manyan yadi kasuwanni, a hade tare da iyawa na Italian kayan masana'antun riyãwa su a kan duniya sikelin, gudummawar da harkokin ci gaba a fitar da kaya. kusan 25 cent na kansu ta tallace-tallace a kasashen waje suna directed a kasar Sin, tare da Asiya kasuwannin kullum lissafin kudi don 50 kashi na duk kasashen waje tallace-tallace.

A lokacin da na hudu da kwata na 2012, da umarni index ga yadi kayan tashi da 22 cent idan aka kwatanta da baya kwata. Ko da karin muhimmanci da aka karuwa game da wannan lokaci na shekara ta gabata (+46 cent).

Overall umarni kuma amfana daga wani tabbatacce Trend a kasuwannin cikin gida, wanda a 47 cent karuwa aka zahiri rubuce idan aka kwatanta da uku da suka gabata watanni. Girmancin a kasuwanni waje da aka dan kadan ya fi dauke a +20 per cent. Ganin cewa yanci da darajar Italian yadi kayan samarwa ga 2011 rajista a 9 cent karuwa idan aka kwatanta da 2010, daga US $ 3.072 to US $ 3.328 billion. A irin wannan karuwa da aka rubuta domin fitar da kcent per cent), mai daraja a kawai biliyanS $ 2.688 billion.

Da bambanci, Bukatar ya zauna musamman rauni daga cikin kasuwannin gida. a Italiya, kamar yadda a ko'ina cikin kungiyar tarayyar Turai in general, halin yanzu tattalin arziki da rashin tabbas da aka hana a dawo da a zuba jari, ko da a cikin yadi masana'antu. A duk da ci gaban da samu a 2012, Italian kayan masana'antun zama musamman m ga halin yanzu shekara.

Spain yayi kokarin kara iyãwarsa a yadi inji masana'antu:

Spanish yadi kayan masana'antu ya thrived tare da tsari na kananan da kuma matsakaici sized kamfanoni tare da ƙarfin kasa da 50 ma'aikata. Wadannan kamfanoni suna har yanzu neman wuya gasar tare da shugabannin duniya don kai ga} asashen duniya da farashin, zane, inganci da sabis. Sakar inji kayayyakin gyara, saka, dinki, na'urorin haɗi da kadi ne daban-daban Categories hadedde karkashin yadi kayan kansu na Spain. game da 80 kayan kamfanoni su samu kasafin kudi bashi darajar 260 miliyan kudin Tarayyar Turai a Spain.

A fitar da kaya a cikin kasashe kamar Latin Amurka, Arewacin Amirka da kuma yankin Gabas ta Tsakiya ne ma lura. New destinations kamar USA, Mexico, Faransa, Turkey da kuma India da sabon kasuwannin kasashe masu tasowa da su ne da muradi don tafi har a bukatar juyin halitta.

Rini da kuma kammala kansu ta kunshi 35 kamfanoni da ne manyan kamfanoni na kasa. A wasu bangare wanda ya bi shi ne a kadi kayan sashe da 25 kamfanoni. Dukansu sub sassa yana aneventual ga sabon sababbin abubuwa a cikin kayan. A fitarwa na kayan a Spain ne na 70% na yawan samar.

Jamus na samar da abin dogara da fasaha a inji masana'antu:

Jamus ta yi tsalle daga matsayin acrucial manufacturer na yadi kayan, kuma Ya hlɗa ta wurin ta 5th daraja a duniya a kayan export.The key karfi na Jamus kayan masana'antun zama a bayyane idan daya ya wadãtu da dukan rai sake zagayowar daga wata na'ura. A lokacin dukan zamanin da wata na'ura, da zuba jari halin kaka wakiltar kawai game da 10 to 50 cent na] aukacin halin kaka.

Bayan biyu kyau kwarai shekaru, harkokin kasuwanci a duniya yadi masana'antu ya zama mafi tsakaita a 2012. An kuma nuna a cikin tsari ci na Jamus yadi kayan masana'antu da cewa ya kasa da adadin 2011, amma har yanzu a kan mai gamsarwa matakin. Jamus yadi kayan fitarwa kai 1.82 biliyan Yuro a farkon rabin 2012 (debe 2.7 cent shekara-on-shekara). Bisa rauni kasafin kudi yanayi a cikin mafi muhimmanci kasuwanni, cikin masana'antu da su je ta hanyar wuya shekara.

Asia ne babbar kasuwar kamar yadda tunawa 40% na Jamus yadi kayan fitarwa. Indiya ne thesingle most abokin ciniki, a yankin Asia a cikin shekarar bara. Tsakanin Janairu da kuma Yuli 2012, Jamus yadi kayan daraja 111 miliyan kudin Tarayyar Turai da aka sufuri zuwa Indiya. Na biyu m for Jamus yadi inji shi ne USA. A 10 most fitarwa kasuwanni ga German yadi inji da kuma na'urorin haɗi areIndia, China (ciki har da Hong Kong), Turkey, Amurka,Italiya, Jamhuriyar Czech, Brazil, Saudi Arabia da kuma Pakistan.

Jamus yadi kayan ne halin da high quality, kuma abokin ciniki-takamaiman samarwa. A Trend saitin 'yan wasa a Jamus Yadi kayan masana'antu sun taba tsaya don gano sabon aikace-aikace filayen da samar da su tare da babbar dama.

Belgium mayar da hankali a kan yadi kayan masana'antu:

A Belgium kayan masana'antu, kirgawa yadi kayan, An mafi kyau taba girma masana'antu kansu auna aikin yi a Belgium. A lokacin baya 5 shekaru ayearly girma kudi na 4.5% aka cimma a wannan bangare, yayin da ta duniya kasuwar rabo ya tashi tare da 10%. Avital direban ga cewa wasan kwaikwayon da aka cire tallafin zuba jari a cikin machining masana'antu a kan 1998-2008periods. tun 2012, zuba jari sun tsince sake da kuma Belgium kayan kamfanoni suna musanyãwa kansu, na hanzarta samfurin ci gaban kudi da kuma sassauci. Yanzu da Belgium kayan masana'antu ne da al'umma ta 3th m.

Belgium kayan ko da yaushe mayar da hankali na R&D, kamar yadda 7% na kara darajar da wadannan masana'antu da aka baiwaDa R&D  da ma'aikata kan 10% daga cikin jimlar Belgium bincike shugaban count. A masana'antu karfi da kara ta gudanar da bincike a kan} o} arin makamashi yadda ya dace.

A Belgium yadi kayan masana'antu kirga 30 kamfanoni, yana da wani yawa na 1 Biliyan Yuro da wani headcount na 4000. Its kamfanoni su ne aiki a kayan domin na cikin gida Textiles (kafet, upholstery, karammiski,tebur – gado lilin), tufa Textiles, fasaha Textiles da kuma yadi karewa. Belgium samar da ya fi sauri iska jet sakar inji a duniya. A Belgium yadi kayan kamfanonin bi fasaha dabarun jagoranci.

Faransa ya jaddada a kan sharar sake amfani da fasahar:

Yana iya lura da cewa, Faransa yadi kayan masana'antu ne mai tsauri kansu, wasa mai muhimmanci musamman rawa a cikin tarihi ci gaba da yadi masana'antu. a musamman, tunani game da Mabayyani sunan Jacquard, Faransa kirkiro mafi nagartaccen sakar fasahar. Faransa yana 35 yadi inji masana'antu -companies, tare da duniya yawa na 1.5 Euro biliyan, fitarwa 91 cent na kayayyakin zuwa 115 abokin ciniki kasashen.

Faransa masana'antu dabarun yanzu shi ne bambance misali daga taro kayayyakin, zamanintar da kayan aiki da kuma fasahar, da kuma ire da kuma matsawa zuwa kayayyakin da hakan kara da darajar. A takamaiman sassa rufe su ne tsawon fiber kadi kayan; yadi sharar dawo inji; tsarin for yarn magani da kuma samar da fasaha Textiles; nonwovens Manufacturing Lines; ƙarin kayan aiki ga sakar (dobbies da jacquard shugabannin); kammala inji for bleaching, rini, yarn karewa, kammala Lines ga knitted dukiya da kuma yadi hydro-extractors; da kuma iska-motsa jiki da kayan aiki ga yadi masana'antu. A cikin sabon sassa na yadi masana'antu kamar nonwoven matakai, Faransa kayan ne ma a nuna lokacin da} ir}.

Sake amfani da yadi kayan a karshen su rai sake zagayowar da kuma canza su a cikin sabon kayayyakin, kasancewa tsabtace muhalli, ne ma wani batu a kan wanda Faransa kayan masana'antun suna daga shugabannin duniya.

Turkey motsi da kyau tare da biyu yadi kaya da kuma kayan masana'antu:

Yadi ne daya daga cikin key sassa a cikin Turkish tattalin arzikin cikin sharuddan GDP, da aikin yi da kuma fitarwa. Yadi asusun 10 % na Turkish GDP da kuma 20% na aiki a masana'antu kansu. The darajar Textiles da kuma tufafi masana'antu samarwa ne a kusa da US $ 30 biliyan kuma fitar dashi Amurka $ 19,3 biliyan darajar da yadi da kuma tufafi a kowace shekara.  Tare da wannan adadin, shi yana da wani rabo daga 19 % a total fitarwa na Turkey The karfi yadi masana'antu a Turkey harba kashe fadada daga cikin yadi kayan masana'antu. har 1980 kusan dukkan yadi kayan da aka shigo da. Duk da haka, fara a 1980 wasu gida samar da kananan da kuma matsakaici sized low-tech kayan fara. A halin yanzu, kan layi na kayayyakin kerarre da kamfanoni dabam ma daga sosai sarrafa kansa kayan aiki ga asali model, da gida masu kera su iya  to  gasa  tare da  waje  kamfanoni  a  mafi  kayan aiki  Categories,  irin wannan  kamar yadda yanayi jet rini (ambaliya) ko duka rini kayan.

Yadi kayan fitarwa da wani zuwa gaba Trend tsakanin 2002 da kuma 2008. Turkish yadi kayan fitarwa sun Amurka $ 271 million in 2008, da kuma rage zuwa Amurka miliyanion in 2009 tare da wani rabo na 3.2 % a total kayan fitarwa. a lokacin 2010 fitarwa kasuwa ne mai girma na 266 dala miliyan. A halin yanzu, Baturke yadi kayan masana'antu ne mafi zamani a gabas ta tsakiya, arewacin Afrika, Balkans, Baltic da Asiya ta tsakiya da kuma samar da kayan aiki da kuma kayan aiki da ake bukata domin yadi masana'antu da kuma dukkan sassan da na'urorin haɗi. A bangaren fitar da kaya suna directed zuwa game da 135 kasashen da babbar fitarwa kasuwanni domin na daraja ne Misira, Habasha, Indiya, Uzbekistan da kuma Bangladesh, kusan duk yadi Manufacturing kasashen. High injiniya basira, samfurin sassauci, m samfurin ci gaba da kuma karbuwa, da ingantaccen bayan tallace-tallace da sabis taimaka Turkey don fitarwa Turkish sanya yadi kayan duk faɗin duniya a anrising rate.

Bangladesh shigo da ke faruwa sauka!

Kamar yadda ta kwanan nan Bangladesh Bank data shigo da babban birnin kasar kayan fadi cin zarafi da 26 cent a lokacin Yuli-Afrilu lokaci na halin yanzu kasafin kudi shekara daga wannan lokaci a bara saboda jinkirin girma na biyu na gida da kuma kasashen waje zuba jari. BB data nuna LCs bude ga shigo da babban birnin kasar kayan da aka sani kawai $ 1.797 biliyan a lokacin watanni goman farkon na yanzu kasafin kudi shekara idan aka kwatanta da $ 2.421 biliyan a lokacin daidai lokacin shekarar bara. Yadi masana'antu ne adadin daya masana'antu na kasar Saboda haka zaki rabo na sama da aka ambata babban birnin kayan zai zama ga wannan masana'antu. Amma saboda unavailability na data shi ba zai iya taƙaice cewa yadi & RMG masana'antu babban birnin kayan shigo da ya rage ko ba. Amma yana da shakka da Trend cewa Bangladesh yana fama da rashin kayan aiki zuba jari a matsayin dukan a cikin wannan kasafin kudi shekara wanda zai iya zama a sakamakon bankuna, gas da wutar lantarki & siyasa turbulences faruwa ta hanyar da shekara. Amma mun gani a Fabrairu batun murfin labarin cewa kafin wannan kasafin kudi shekara Bangladesh aka ciwon robust girma a yadi kayan shigo ta cikin shekaru 2006 to 2011 kuma kafin cewa daga 2000 to 2005 yadi kayan shigo da ci gaban da aka cin zarafi da kara shekara a kan shekara.

Yadi kayan masana'antu ne mai muhimmanci bangaren domin samar da sarkar. Cikin kewayon yadi kayan amfani a kansu ne, saboda haka, manyan. fiye da 80 jadawalin kuɗin fito Lines rufe da harkokin kasuwanci na yadi kayan da kayayyakin gyara wanda ake amfani kai tsaye a masana'antu na Textiles da kuma tufafi da kayayyakin. Zuba jari a cikin wannan bangaren na bukatar a karfafa rage dogaro a kan shigo da kuma kyakkyawan jagoranci zuwa fitarwa na ba kawai Textiles da kuma tufafi da kayayyakin amma kayan da ya ceci sassa a matsayin well.Price, sassauci da kuma versatility dauki kashi da kayyade abubuwan for sabon kayan aiki sayayya. Saboda haka, kasuwa ne shaida zargin ya fi dacewa da inji, a m farashin, godiya ga m fasaha ci gaba a cikin yadi kayan masana'antu. Karshen-da masu amfani suna ƙara neman cikakken aiki da mafita tare da inganta sassauci da cewa za a iya bai wadãtar a m halin kaka.

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